The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the British Government was not complying with Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the impact of its proposed withdrawal terms.  The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration and replaced the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration, and the line of the political statement that “the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas” has been removed.  Theresa May, the former Home Secretary, replaced David Cameron as Prime Minister on 11 July and promised the country: “Brexit means Brexit.” May had tacitly supported Remain`s campaign before the referendum. At first, she did not specify when her government would trigger Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union to begin two-year talks leading to the UK`s formal withdrawal.
The most important elements of the draft agreement are: After the WAB becomes law, the withdrawal agreement must also be ratified by the European Parliament. On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable it had proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the law would be overturned.   Former Prime Minister Sir John Major said: “For generations, Britain`s word – solemnly given – has been accepted by friend and foe.