Salamanca Agreement 1994

In June 1994, representatives of 92 Governments and 25 international organizations established the World Conference on Special Education, held in Salamanca, Spain. They agreed on a dynamic new declaration on the education of all children with disabilities, which called for inclusion to be the norm. In addition, the Conference adopted a new framework for action, the guiding principle of which is that teacher training colleges should accommodate all children, regardless of their physical, intellectual, social, emotional, linguistic or other conditions. All education policies, according to the framework, should stipulate that children with disabilities attend the community school “which is attended when the child does not have a disability”. More than 300 participants, representing 92 governments and 25 international organizations, met in June 1994 in Salamanca, Spain, to promote the goal of education for all, reflecting on the fundamental policy changes needed to promote inclusive education, so that schools can serve all children, especially those with special educational needs. The declaration outlined education reform in a broader social agenda that included health, social affairs, vocational training and employment. He stressed that mechanisms for planning, monitoring and evaluating inclusive education provision should be “decentralized and participatory” and promote “the participation of parents, communities and organizations of persons with disabilities in planning and decision-making” (UNESCO, 1994, p. ix). Accepted by acclamation, in the city of Salamanca, Spain, on June 10, 1994. The declaration acknowledged that in many countries there are “well-established systems of special schools for people with specific disabilities”: these schools could “be a valuable resource for the development of inclusive schools” (UNESCO, 1994, p. 12). However, it calls on countries that do not have such a system to “focus their efforts on the development of inclusive schools” (UNESCO, 1994, p. 13) as well as on specialized support services so that they can reach the majority of children and young people.

All measures, both local and national, should enable children with disabilities to attend their local schools. 1. We, the delegates of the World Conference on Special Education, representing eighty-two Governments and twenty-five international organizations, and from 7 to 10 Meeting here in Salamanca, Spain, on 6 June 1994, reaffirm our commitment to education for all and recognize the need and urgency to provide education to children, young people and adults with special educational needs within the framework of the mainstream education system. thereby endorsing the Framework for Action for Special Education, so that Governments and organizations can be guided by the spirit of its provisions and recommendations. Adopted by the World Conference on Special Education: Access and Quality (Salamanca, Spain, 7-10 June 1994). Salamanca Declaration and Framework, UNESCO, 1994. Reference: ED-94/WS/l 8. In 1994, more than 300 participants – including 92 governments and 25 international organizations – gathered in Salamanca, Spain, to promote the goals of inclusive education.

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